Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Voices of isolation and marginalisation– an investigation into the PhD experience in Tourism studies

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-10-18, 13:18 authored by Emma Bettinson, Claire Haven-TangClaire Haven-Tang

This paper examines the challenges presented by the PhD journey in the internationalised environment of UK Higher Education and gives voice to the experiences of students. It focuses particularly on the issue of isolation and marginalisation. Through semi-structured interviews with students and supervisors at three institutions, it reveals that social interaction, lack of academic community and the individualised nature of the supervisory relationship are key factors in feelings of isolation. In addition, findings suggest that academic discourse and the maintenance of academic conventions and hierarchy exacerbate feelings of marginalisation. The paper offers important insights for universities regarding the management and support of doctoral students and suggestions to improve their experience, thereby enhancing the appeal of the UK doctorate.


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    The International Journal of Management Education



    Acceptance Date


    Publication Date



    • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


    Bettinson, E. and Haven-Tang, C. (2021) 'Voices of isolation and marginalisation–An investigation into the PhD experience in tourism studies', The International Journal of Management Education, 19(3), p.100539.

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    Electronic ISSN


    Cardiff Met Affiliation

    • Cardiff School of Management

    Cardiff Met Authors

    Emma Bettinson Claire Haven-Tang

    Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

    Welsh Centre for Tourism Research

    Copyright Holder

    • © The Authors

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