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Baldwin2020_Article_UsingThePerceptualExperienceLa.pdf (3.73 MB)

Using the Perceptual Experience Laboratory (PEL) to simulate tourism environments for hedonic wellbeing

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posted on 2022-02-11, 15:52 authored by Joe Baldwin, Claire Haven-TangClaire Haven-Tang, Steve Gill, Nigel Morgan, Annette Pritchard
Measuring the relationship between stress, mood and tourism in natural settings is problematic in terms of the ability to undertake detailed, systematic and accurate monitoring. This paper presents the results of a preliminary investigation into the use of an immersive simulated tourism environment to measure tourisms’ potential to alleviate physiological and psychological stress and enhance mood. The objectives of the study were to record and analyse participants’ heart-rate data before, during and after three experiences (workplace setting, TV-watching setting and simulated tourism setting) and to undertake completion of mood questionnaires before and after each of these three experiences, allowing comparative pre- and post-mood analysis. Qualitative data was also gathered from the participants about these three experiences, in particular the simulated tourism environment. The preliminary results demonstrate that PEL effectively creates a simulated tourism environment which can be used for measuring stress and mood as signifiers of hedonic wellbeing


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Journal of Information Technology & Tourism




  • VoR (Version of Record)


Baldwin, J., Haven-Tang, C., Gill, S., Morgan, N. and Pritchard, A. (2020) 'Using the Perceptual Experience Laboratory (PEL) to simulate tourism environments for hedonic wellbeing', Information Technology & Tourism, pp.1-23.

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Management
  • Cardiff School of Art and Design

Cardiff Met Authors

Joe Baldwin Claire Haven‑Tang Steve Gill

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • WCTR (Welsh Centre for Tourism Research)

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  • © The Authors


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