Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Threshold cryptography-based secure vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication in 5G-enabled intelligent transportation systems

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-28, 09:25 authored by Nuwan Weerasinghe, Muhammad Arslan Usman, Chaminda HewageChaminda Hewage, Eckhard Pfluegel, Christos Politis

 Implementing 5G-enabled Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) intelligent transportation systems presents a promising opportunity to enhance road safety and traffic flow while facilitating the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) based solutions. Yet, security and privacy concerns pose significant challenges that must be addressed. Therefore, researchers have focused on improving the security and integrity of vehicle data sharing, with a particular emphasis on V2X application layer security and privacy requirements. This is crucial given that V2X networks can consist of vehicles manufactured by different companies and registered in various jurisdictions, which may only be within communication range for a few seconds. Thus, it is necessary to establish a trusting relationship between vehicles quickly. The article proposes a threshold cryptography-based key exchange protocol that meets the key requirements for V2X data sharing and privacy, including the rapid establishment of trust, the maintenance of vehicle anonymity, and the provision of secure messages. To evaluate the feasibility and performance of the proposed protocol, a tailored testbed that leverages the NS-3 network simulator, a commercial 5G network, and public cloud infrastructure is used. Overall, the proposed protocol provides a potential solution for addressing security and privacy concerns in V2X networks, which is essential for successfully implementing and adopting this technology. 


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Future Internet




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Weerasinghe, N., Usman, M. A., Hewage, C., Pfluegel, E., & Politis, C. (2023) 'Threshold Cryptography-Based Secure Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Communication in 5G-Enabled Intelligent Transportation Systems', Future Internet, 15(5), 157.

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Technologies

Cardiff Met Authors

Chaminda Hewage

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