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The influence of adrenergic stimulation on sex differences in left ventricular twist mechanics

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-12-13, 12:16 authored by Alexandra M.Williams, Rob Shave, William S. Cheyne, Neil D. Eves

 Sex differences in left ventricular (LV) mechanics exist at rest and during acute physiological stress. Differences in cardiac autonomic and adrenergic control may contribute to sex differences in LV mechanics and LV haemodynamics. Accordingly, this study aimed to investigate sex differences in LV mechanics with altered adrenergic stimulation achieved through post-handgrip-exercise ischaemia (PEI) and β1-adrenergic receptor (AR) blockade. Twenty males (23 ± 5 years) and 20 females (22 ± 3 years) were specifically matched for LV length (males: 8.5 ± 0.5 cm, females: 8.2 ± 0.6 cm, P = 0.163), and two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography was used to assess LV structure and function at baseline, during PEI and following administration of 5 mg bisoprolol (β1-AR antagonist). During PEI, LV end-diastolic volume and stroke volume were increased in both groups (P < 0.001), as was end-systolic wall stress (P < 0.001). LV twist and apical rotation were not altered from baseline or different between the sexes; however, basal rotation increased in males (P = 0.035). During β1-AR blockade, LV volumes were unchanged but blood pressure and heart rate were reduced in both groups (P < 0.001). LV apical rotation (P = 0.036) and twist (P = 0.029) were reduced in males with β1-AR blockade but not females, resulting in lower apical rotation (males: 6.8 ± 2.1 deg, females: 8.8 ± 2.3 deg, P = 0.007) and twist (males: 8.6 ± 1.9 deg, females: 10.7 ± 2.8 deg, P = 0.008), and slower untwisting velocity (males: 68.2 ± 22.1 deg s−1, females: 82.0 ± 18.7 deg s−1, P = 0.046) compared to females. LV twist mechanics are reduced in males compared to females during reductions to adrenergic stimulation, providing preliminary evidence that LV twist mechanics may be more sensitive to adrenergic control in males than in females. 


Published in

The Journal of Physiology




  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Williams, A.M., Shave, R.E., Cheyne, W.S. and Eves, N.D. (2017) 'The influence of adrenergic stimulation on sex differences in left ventricular twist mechanics', The Journal of Physiology, 595 (12), pp. 3973-3985

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

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  • Youth Physical Development

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