Cardiff Metropolitan University
Browse
fphys-14-1095315.pdf (1.04 MB)

The effect of Tabata-style functional high-intensity interval training on cardiometabolic health and physical activity in female university students

Download (1.04 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-17, 10:33 authored by Yining Lu, Huw Wiltshire, Julien Baker, Qiaojun Wang, Shanahan Ying

 

Introduction: The increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome and physical inactivity enhances exposure to cardiometabolic risk factors in university students. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improved cardiometabolic health in clinical adults but the evidence in the university setting is limited. Furthermore, few studies examined the effect of low-volume HIIT on habitual physical activity (PA). Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 12-week Tabata-style functional HIIT for improving multiple cardiometabolic health outcomes and habitual PA. We also investigated whether changes in habitual PA over the intervention period had an impact on exercise-induced health outcomes.

Methods: 122 female freshmen were randomized into the Tabata group (n = 60) and the control (n = 62). The Tabata training protocol involved 8 × 20 s maximal repeated functional exercises followed by 10 s rest with a frequency of 3 times per week for 12 weeks. Body composition, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), blood pressure (BP), blood lipids, fasting glucose and insulin, C-reactive protein and PA were objectively measured using standardized methods. Dietary intake was measured using a valid food frequency questionnaire. All variables were measured pre- and post-intervention.

Results: Mixed linear modelling results showed that there were large intervention effects on VO2max (p < 0.001, d = 2.53, 95% CI: 2.03 to 3.00 for relative VO2max; p < 0.001, d = 2.24, 95% CI: 1.76 to 2.68 for absolute VO2max), resting heart rate (p < 0.001, d = −1.82, 95% CI: −2.23 to −1.37), systolic BP (p < 0.001, d = −1.24, 95% CI: −1.63 to −0.84), moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) (p < 0.001, d = 2.31, 95% CI: 1.83 to 2.77), total PA (p < 0.001, d = 1.98, 95% CI: 1.53 to 2.41); moderate effects on � (p < 0.001, d = -1.15, 95% CI: −1.53 to −0.75), FM (p < 0.001, d = −1.08, 95% CI: −1.46 to −0.69), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (p < 0.001, d = 1.04, 95% CI: 0.65 to 1.42), total cholesterol (p = 0.001, d = −0.64, 95% CI: −1.00 to −0.26); small effects on BMI (p = 0.011, d = −0.48, 95% CI: −0.84 to 0.11), WC (p = 0.043, d = −0.37, 95% CI: −0.74 to −0.01), low-density lipoprotein (p = 0.003, d = −0.57, 95% CI: −0.93 to −0.19), HOMA-IR (p = 0.026, d = −0.42, 95% CI: −0.78 to −0.05) and fasting insulin (p = 0.035, d = −0.40, 95% CI: −0.76 to −0.03). Regression analysis showed that only the percentage change of HDL was associated with the change of MVPA (b = 0.326, p = 0.015) and TPA (b = 0.480, p = 0.001).

Conclusion: From the findings of the study we can conclude that 12-week low-volume Tabata-style functional HIIT was highly effective for university female students to improve cardiorespiratory fitness, body fat, some cardiometabolic health outcomes and habitual PA.

History

Published in

Frontiers in Physiology

Publisher

Frontiers Media

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Citation

Lu Y, Wiltshire HD, Baker JS, Wang Q and Ying S (2023) 'The effect of Tabata-style functional high-intensity interval training on cardiometabolic health and physical activity in female university students', Frontiers in Physiology 14:1095315. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2023.1095315

Electronic ISSN

1664-042X

Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Huw Wiltshire

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Sports Performance Analysis

Copyright Holder

  • © The Authors

Language

  • en

Usage metrics

    Applied Sport Science - Journal Articles

    Licence

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC