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The case for inter-national sport: A reply to Gleaves and Llewellyn

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-04-25, 16:12 authored by Hywel Iorwerth, Alun Hardman

 In their recent contribution to JPS, Gleaves and Llewellyn argue on lusory and ethical grounds that elite sporting competition should cease to be predicated on competitions between nations. From a lusory perspective, they argue that inter-national sports’ limitation on who can compete (due to it being based on national and cultural criteria) undermines some of the central principles of elite sport, such as athletic supremacy and merit. From an ethical perspective, they argue that international sport is categorically unethical because the national and cultural narratives that frame such contests are inherently untruthful and inauthentic. In this article, we challenge Gleaves and Llewellyn on both these grounds and argue that national identity and representation are worthy values that can be achieved through sport, and that inter-national sport, far from being categorically unethical, has the potential to stimulate meaningful cultural conversations, both within and between national communities. 


Published in

Journal of the Philosophy of Sport


Taylor & Francis


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Iorwerth, Hywel & Hardman, Alun (2015) 'The case for inter-national sport: A reply to Gleaves and Llewellyn', Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, 42(3), pp. 425-441

Print ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Alun Hardman

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Philosophy and Ethics in Sport

Copyright Holder

  • © The Publisher


  • en

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