Cardiff Metropolitan University
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The New Mind: thinking beyond the head

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-20, 17:13 authored by Riccardo Manzotti, Robert Pepperell

 Throughout much of the modern period, the human mind has been regarded as a property of the brain and therefore something confined to the inside of the head—a view commonly known as ‘internalism’. But recent works in cognitive science, philosophy, and anthropology, as well as certain trends in the development of technology, suggest an emerging view of the mind as a process not confined to the brain but spread through the body and world—an outlook covered by a family of views labelled ‘externalism’. In this paper, we will suggest there is now sufficient momentum in favour of externalism of various kinds to mark a historical shift in the way the mind is understood. We dub this emerging externalist tendency the ‘New Mind’. Key properties of the New Mind will be summarised and some of its implications considered in areas such as art and culture, technology, and the science of consciousness. 


Published in

AI and Society




  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Manzotti, R., & Pepperell, R. (2013) 'The New Mind: thinking beyond the head', AI & society, 28, 157-166.

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Art and Design

Cardiff Met Authors

Robert Pepperell

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group


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  • © The Publisher


  • en

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