The Effects of Prison Visits From Family Members on Prisoners’ Well-Being, Prison Rule Breaking, and Recidivism A Review of Research Since 1991.pdf (730 kB)
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The Effects of Prison Visits From Family Members on Prisoners’ Well-Being, Prison Rule Breaking, and Recidivism: A Review of Research Since 1991

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posted on 11.04.2022, 15:42 authored by Karen De Claire, Louise Dixon

 The effect of family visits on prisoner well-being and future behavior is an important consideration in the development of prison policy. This review systematically examines current research findings that explore the impact of prison visits from family members on three specific offender outcomes: prisoners’ well-being, rule breaking within the prison, and recidivism. The review focuses on visits by family and does not duplicate earlier reviews but rather extends them into current literature, through identification of empirical studies conducted post 1989, published since 1991. Ten studies met the stipulated inclusion criteria. All are case–control and cohort studies. The review of studies used a standardized quality assessment tool. Results show considerable variation in study quality, methods, and findings. However, studies consistently reported positive effects of prisoners receiving visits. Prison visits reduced depressive symptoms in women and adolescent prisoners. There was some evidence of reduction in rule-breaking behavior. One high-quality study suggested that visits reduced recidivism and increased survival in the community. Although there were positive outcomes associated with prison visits, it was not possible to draw strong conclusions for the outcomes of interest due to a lack of research, methodological discrepancies, and variability in outcome measures and results. The discussion considers the implications of the findings for policy, practice, and research. 

History

Published in

Trauma, Violence & Abuse

Publisher

SAGE

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Citation

De Claire, K. and Dixon, L. (2015) 'The Effects of Prison Visits From Family Members on Prisoners’ Well-Being, Prison Rule Breaking, and Recidivism', Trauma, Violence & Abuse, Published Online August 31 2015 DOI:10.1177/1524838015603209

Print ISSN

1524-8380

Electronic ISSN

1552-8324

Cardiff Met Affiliation

Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Karen De Claire

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Applied Psychology and Behaviour Change

Copyright Holder

© The Publisher

Language

en

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