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The Consequences of Choking in Sport: A Constructive or Destructive Experience?

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posted on 21.02.2022, 16:51 authored by Denise M. Hill, Matthew Cheesbrough, Paul Gorczynski, Nic Matthews
Through an empirical phenomenological methodology, the study examined the short- and long-term consequences of choking in sport. Eleven intermediate golfers (10 male, 1 female; age 23–50 years, M = 34.6, SD = 8.9) with handicaps of 6–18 (M = 10.91, SD = 3.98) completed phenomenological interviews that explored the perceived psychological impact of their choking episode(s). While the reported short-term consequences were negative (i.e., collapse in performance standards, limited attention/emotional control, and negative affect), most participants thought the long-term impact of choking was constructive, for it encouraged adversity-related growth. However, a small number of golfers identified the long-term consequences as highly destructive, including a loss of self-confidence, withdrawal from the sport, and, in 1 case, lowered self-worth. The findings of the study extend the choking literature by informing strategies that can be used to encourage constructive, rather than destructive, consequences from any choking episode that athletes may experience.

History

Published in

Sport Psychologist

Publisher

Human Kinetics

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Citation

Hill, D.M., Cheesbrough, M., Gorczynski, P. and Matthews, N. (2019) 'The consequences of choking in sport: a constructive or destructive experience?' The Sport Psychologist, 33(1), pp.12-22. DOI: 10.1123/tsp.2018-0070

Print ISSN

0888-4781

Electronic ISSN

1543-2793

Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Management

Cardiff Met Authors

Nic Matthews

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • WCTR (Welsh Centre for Tourism Research)

Copyright Holder

© The Publisher

Language

en