Cardiff Metropolitan University

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Sports medicine and the pelvic floor

journal contribution
posted on 2023-07-24, 11:48 authored by Gráinne M. Donnelly, Izzy MooreIzzy Moore

 The female athlete is seen as a specialist population meaning female considerations, such as pelvic floor dysfunction, are not widely taught within sports medicine. Females have unique anatomical characteristics compared with males including a wider pelvic diameter and an additional orifice in the form of the vagina. Furthermore, symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction are prevalent among female athletes and transitional periods in their lifespan. They also are a barrier to training and performance. Therefore, it is essential that sports medicine practitioners understand how to identify and manage pelvic floor dysfunction. This report aims to describe the anatomy and function of the pelvic floor, outline the types and rates of pelvic floor dysfunction, discuss evidence-based management, and raise awareness of perinatal bodily changes. Practical recommendations are made to aid sports organizations and sports medicine practitioners in supporting the female athlete and in using a proactive approach to manage the perinatal athlete. 


This work was funded by internally available funds and is made available under the requirements of the Cardiff Met Open Research Policy



Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Donnelly, G. M., & Moore, I. S. (2023) 'Sports Medicine and the Pelvic Floor', Current Sports Medicine Reports, 22(3), 82-90. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000001045

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Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Isabel Moore Izzy Moore

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Applied Injury Science

Copyright Holder

  • © The Publisher

Publisher Rights Statement

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Current Sports Medicine Reports, 22(3)


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