Cardiff Metropolitan University
PICKERNELL_2018_cright_LE_Social_Entrepreneurs_in_Challenging_Places.pdf (768.06 kB)

Social entrepreneurs in challenging places: A Delphi study of experiences and perspectives

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-02-17, 17:07 authored by Gareth R.T. White, Anthony Samuel, David Pickernell, Dan Taylor, Rachel Mason-JonesRachel Mason-Jones
Social Enterprises have grown in number and scope in response to reductions in state-provided welfare and increasing ambition to improve social conditions. While a range of issues have been identified in the literature as affecting the ability of Social Enterprises to successfully conduct their activities, there is currently a dearth of research into the relative influence of these factors. This study explores and ranks the challenges faced by social entrepreneurs in South Wales. Based on a Delphi study with 21 social entrepreneurs, government policy-developers and scholars, it presents a hierarchy of 14 factors, useful instruments for informing social entrepreneurs and policy-makers about the way social enterprises are managed, and how national and local policy should be developed. As part of this, the study also identifies four novel factors that affect the sustainability of social enterprises: ‘Professionalisation of Marketing’, ‘Perception of Validity’, ‘Leadership’ and ‘Situatedness’.


Published in

Local Economy: The Journal of the Local Economy Policy Unit




  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


White, G.R., Samuel, A., Pickernell, D., Taylor, D. and Mason-Jones, R. (2018) 'Social entrepreneurs in challenging places: A Delphi study of experiences and perspectives', Local Economy, 33(8), pp.800-821. DOI: 10.1177/0269094218803313

Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Management

Cardiff Met Authors

Rachel Mason-Jones

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Welsh Centre for Business and Management Research

Copyright Holder

  • © The Publisher


  • en

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