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Relationships between cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness with cardiometabolic risk in adolescents

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posted on 25.04.2022, 11:44 by Duncan S. Buchan, Lynne M. Boddy, John D. Young, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Timothy D. Noakes, Craig Mahoney, Julian P.H. Shields, Julien S. Baker

 This study examined the independent relationships between cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness with cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. Subjects were 192 adolescents (118 boys), aged 15 – 17.5 years. The 20 m multi-stage fitness test assessed cardiorespiratory fitness and the counter movement jump assessed muscular fitness. Additional measures included interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, adiponectin, fibrinogen and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Regression analysis revealed that cardiorespiratory fitness was negatively related to cardiometabolic risk (β = -0.014, p < 0.001). With additional adjustment for muscular fitness the relationship remained significant (β = -0.015, p < 0.001). Muscular fitness was negatively related to cardiometabolic risk (β = -0.021, p < 0.001) and remained significant after adjustment for cardiorespiratory fitness. Participants in the least-fit quartile for both cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness had significantly poorer cardiometabolic risk scores than those in the other quartiles. Findings revealed that muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness are significantly associated with cardiometabolic risk independently of one another. 

History

Published in

Research in Sports Medicine

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Citation

Buchan, D.S., Boddy, L.M., Young, J.D., Cooper, S.M., Noakes, T.D., Mahoney, C., Shields, J.P. and Baker, J.S. (2015) 'Relationships between cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness with cardiometabolic risk in adolescents', Research in Sports Medicine, 23(3), pp.227-239

Electronic ISSN

1543-8635

Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Stephen-Mark Cooper

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Physical Health Education for Lifelong Learning

Copyright Holder

© The Publisher

Language

en