Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Quality-of-Service-Centric Design and Analysis of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

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posted on 2022-09-27, 17:27 authored by Sudhanshu Kumar Jha, Shiv Prakash, Rajkumar Singh Rathore, Mufti Mahmud, Omprakash Kaiwartya, Jaime Lloret

 Recent years have witnessed rapid development and great indignation burgeoning in the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) field. This growth of UAV-related research contributes to several challenges, including inter-communication from vehicle to vehicle, transportation coverage, network information gathering, network interworking effectiveness, etc. Due to ease of usage, UAVs have found novel applications in various areas such as agriculture, defence, security, medicine, and observation for traffic-monitoring applications. This paper presents an innovative drone system by designing and developing a blended-wing-body (BWB)-based configuration for next-generation drone use cases. The proposed method has several benefits, including a very low interference drag, evenly distributed load inside the body, and less radar signature compared to the state-of-the-art configurations. During the entire procedure, a standard design approach was followed to optimise the BWB framework for next-generation use cases by considering the typically associated parameters such as vertical take-off and landing and drag and stability of the BWB. Extensive simulation experiments were performed to carry out a performance analysis of the proposed model in a software-based environment. To further confirm that the model design of the BWB-UAV is fit to execute the targeted missions, the real-time working environments were tested through advanced numerical simulation and focused on avoiding cost and unwanted wastages. To enhance the trustworthiness of this said computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis, grid convergence test-based validation was also conducted. Two different grid convergence tests were conducted on the induced velocity of the Version I UAV and equivalent stress of the Version II UAV. Finite element analysis-based computations were involved in estimating structural outcomes. Finally, the mesh quality was obtained as 0.984 out of 1. The proposed model is very cost-effective for performing a different kind of manoeuvring activities with the help of its unique design at reasonable mobility speed and hence can be modelled for high-speed-based complex next-generation use cases 


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Jha, S.K., Prakash, S., Rathore, R.S., Mahmud, M., Kaiwartya, O. and Lloret, J. (2022) 'Quality-of-Service-Centric Design and Analysis of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles', Sensors, 22(15), p.5477. DOI: 10.3390/s22155477

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  • Cardiff School of Technologies

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Rajkumar Singh Rathore

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