Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Prevalence of Undiagnosed Cardiovascular Risk Factors and 10-Year CVD Risk in Male Steel Industry Workers

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posted on 2022-05-05, 11:28 authored by Benjamin J Gray, Richard M. Bracken, Daniel Turner, Kerry Morgan, Stephen MellalieuStephen Mellalieu, Michael Thomas, Sally P. Williams, Meurig Williams, Sam Rice, Jeffrey W. Stephens, Prosiect Sir Gâr Group

 Objective: To assess the prevalence of undiagnosed cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a cohort of male steelworkers in South Wales, UK. Methods: Male steel industry workers (n = 221) with no prior diagnosis of CVD or diabetes accepted a CVD risk assessment within the work environment. Demographic, anthropometric, family, and medical histories were all recorded and capillary blood samples obtained. The 10-year CVD risk was predicted using the QRISK2–2012 algorithm. Results: Up to 81.5% of workers were either overweight or obese. More than 20% of workers were found to have diastolic hypertension, high total cholesterol, and/or a total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein ratio of six or more. Over one quarter of workers assessed had an increased 10-year CVD risk. Conclusions: Despite a physically demanding occupation, risk assessment in the workplace uncovered significant occult factors in CVD risk in a sample of male heavy industry workers. 


Published in

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine


Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Gray, B.J., Bracken, R.M., Turner, D., Morgan, K., Mellalieu, S.D., Thomas, M., Williams, S.P., Williams, M., Rice, S. and Stephens, J.W. (2014) 'Prevalence of undiagnosed cardiovascular risk factors and 10-year CVD risk in male steel industry workers', Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 56(5), pp.535-539

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Stephen Mellalieu

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Mental Health and Wellbeing in Demanding Environments

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  • en

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