Cardiff Metropolitan University
Moeskops et al., (2021) Practical Strategies for Integrating Strength and Conditioning into Early Specialization Sports.pdf (220.83 kB)

Practical Strategies for Integrating Strength and Conditioning into Early Specialization Sports

Download (220.83 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-04-28, 15:07 authored by Sylvia Moeskops, Jon Oliver, Paul Read, John B. Cronin, Gregory D. Myer, Rhodri S. Lloyd

 Early sport specialization involves physically immature children participating in intensive year-round training and or competition for a single sport at the exclusion of other sports. Lack of sport exposure and diversification during developmental years may underlie increased risk of overuse injuries, blunting of motor skill development, psycho-social issues, overtraining syndrome, burnout, and potential drop out from sport. With increasing numbers of youth choosing, or being encouraged, to specialize at an early age, we aim to provide evidence-based recommendations for the integration of strength and conditioning into the development programs of young athletes who participate in sports with a culture of early specialization. In addition to principles of programming, strategies are provided relative to monitoring of growth, maturation, and training load to illustrate the potential complexities of attempting to optimize long-term athletic development in early specializing athletes. 


Published in

Strength and Conditioning Journal


Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Moeskops, S., Oliver, J.L., Read, P.J., Cronin, J.B., Myer, G.D. and Lloyd, R.S. (2021) 'Practical Strategies for Integrating Strength and Conditioning Into Early Specialization Sports', Strength & Conditioning Journal. doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000665

Print ISSN


Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Sylvia Moeskops Jon Oliver Rhodri S. Lloyd

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Youth Physical Development

Copyright Holder

  • © The Publisher


  • en

Usage metrics

    Applied Sport Science - Journal Articles