Cardiff Metropolitan University

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Reason: Accepted article in Press

Physical determinants of golf swing performance in competitive youth golfers

journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-08, 13:05 authored by James Shaw, Zachariah I. Gould, Jon Oliver, Rhodri S. Lloyd

This study investigated measures of physical fitness and golf swing performance in competitive youth golfers. Sixty-four golfers, subdivided into three handicap groups (CAT0, <1 handicap, n = 21; CAT1, 1-5 handicap, n = 20; CAT2, >5 handicap, n = 23), were assessed for isometric strength, power, movement competency and core endurance. Clubhead speed (CHS) and carry distance for 6-iron and driver were also measured. When controlled for maturity offset, CAT0 golfers produced significantly greater peak power, isometric absolute and relative peak force, movement competency, and jump distance than higher handicap golfers (all p < 0.05). Maturity status was strongly associated with CHS and carry distance for both clubs (R2 = 0.552 – 0.784). Linear regressions showed maturity offset explained a larger amount of variance in CHS (driver = 78.4%, 6-iron = 71.3%) and carry distance (driver = 55.2%, 6-iron = 57.4%) than handicap. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that peak power explained 79.4% and 82.4% of variation in 6-iron and driver CHS, respectively, while isometric absolute peak force explained 69.6% and 74.3% of the variation in 6-iron and driver carry distance respectively. Subsequently, interventions targeting the development of peak force and power could aid golf swing performance in young golfers.


Published in

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research


Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins

Print ISSN


Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

James Shaw Zachariah I. Gould Jon Oliver Rhodri S. Lloyd,

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Youth Physical Development

Copyright Holder

  • © The Publisher


  • en

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