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On right and wrong drawings

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-11, 10:53 authored by Jan Koenderink, Andrea van Doorn, Baingio Pinna, Robert PepperellRobert Pepperell

Are pictorial renderings that deviate from linear perspective necessarily ‘wrong’? Are those in perfect linear perspective necessarily ‘right’? Are wrong depictions in some sense ‘impossible’? Linear perspective is the art of the peep show, making sense only from one fixed position, whereas typical art works are constructed and used more like panel presentations, that leave the vantage point free. In the latter case the viewpoint is free; moreover, a change of viewpoint has only a minor effect on pictorial experience. This phenomenologically important difference can be made explicit and formal, by considering the effects of panning eye movements when perusing scenes, and of changes of viewpoint induced by translations with respect to pictorial surfaces. We present examples from formal geometry, photography, and the visual arts.





  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Koenderink, J., van Doorn, A., Pinna, B., & Pepperell, R. (2016) 'On right and wrong drawings', Art & Perception, 4(1-2), 1-38.

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Art and Design

Cardiff Met Authors

Robert Pepperell

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group


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  • © The Publisher


  • en

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