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The Journal of Physiology - 2023 - Tremblay - Mountains of research Where and whom high‐altitude physiology has overlooked.pdf (730.77 kB)

Mountains of research: Where and whom high-altitude physiology has overlooked

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posted on 2023-12-11, 16:11 authored by Joshua Tremblay

High altitude is a natural setting in which to study human acclimatization and adaptation. Here, I identify where and in whom high-altitude physiology research has occurred. There has been a mismatch between countries with large high-altitude populations vs. where high-altitude research has been conducted. From 1970 to 2020, 83% of high-altitude physiology research took place in just seven countries: Nepal, China, USA, Peru, India, Bolivia and Italy. Collectively, these countries account for only 35% of the global population living above 2500 m. Furthermore, high-altitude physiology research has predominantly studied low-altitude residents visiting high altitude and female participants are under-represented. Accordingly, the included populations are not necessarily a proportional representation of high-altitude residents. Here, I discuss how this influences our understanding of high-altitude adaptation. Finally, I highlight past initiatives to increase diversity in high-altitude research. By identifying the broad gaps in high-altitude physiology research, I propose exciting, inclusive opportunities to study human high-altitude physiology.

History

Publisher

Wiley

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Citation

Tremblay, J. (2023) 'Mountains of research: Where and whom high-altitude physiology has overlooked', The Journal of Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP285454

Print ISSN

0022-3751

Electronic ISSN

1469-7793

Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Joshua Tremblay

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Cardiovascular Physiology

Copyright Holder

  • © The Authors

Language

  • en

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