Cardiff Metropolitan University
562+Segura-Cortijos+Livingstone+fruit+bat+vm290722+final.pdf (807.93 kB)

Mortality and morbidity in captive Livingstone’s fruit bats Pteropus livingstonii

Download (807.93 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-08-01, 15:34 authored by Cristian Segura-Cortijos, Edward Bell, Andrew Routh, Ana Muniesa del Campo, Rowena Killick, Aimee DraneAimee Drane, Alberto Rodriguez Barbon

 Medical and pathology records were reviewed for 161 Critically Endangered Livingstone’s fruit bats Pteropus livingstonii (LFBs) held at Jersey Zoo and Bristol Zoological Gardens between 1992 and 2017, representing over 95% of the historical population managed at these institutions. The association of mortality and morbidity in relation to age (immature: 0 days–2.5 years, adults: 2.5–15 years, geriatric >15 years) and sex was analysed. Overall, 427 individual medical problems were identified in 56% of the population. The most common causes of morbidity were wounds (34.9%, n=150), localised inflammation (12.9%, n=55) and fractures (10.8%, n=46). Wounds were predominantly located in patagia (25.0%, n=38) and digits of the forelimbs (22.0%, n=33), with males at greater risk than females. Immature specimens were more likely than adult and geriatric animals to suffer wounds. Localised inflammatory lesions showed an increased risk associated with age. Females were found to be more likely to suffer from fractures. Eighty-eight deaths were recorded; the most common identified causes of mortality were early foetal death (18.2%, n=16), heart diseases (14.8%, n=13) and conspecific aggression (10.2%, n=9). Males and geriatric animals had a greater risk of suffering cardiac disease. This study determines the most common medical problems encountered in LFBs in captivity and establishes grounds for additional research into specific pathologies in this species. 


Published in

Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research


EAZA, the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria


  • VoR (Version of Record)


Segura-Cortijos, C., Bell, E., Routh, A. ., Muniesa del Campo, A. ., Killick, R. ., Drane, A. ., & Rodriguez Barbon, A. . (2022) 'Mortality and morbidity in captive Livingstone’s fruit bats Pteropus livingstonii',. Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 10(3), 149–157. DOI:10.19227/jzar.v10i3.562

Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Aimee Drane

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Cardiovascular Physiology

Copyright Holder

  • © The Authors


  • en

Usage metrics

    Cardiovascular Health & Ageing - Journal Articles



    Ref. manager