Cardiff Metropolitan University
McNarryInvestigatingTheEffectiveness2015VOR.pdf (169.66 kB)

Investigating the effectiveness on educational attainment and behaviour of Commando Joe’s: a school-based, military-ethos intervention

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posted on 2022-05-17, 16:31 authored by H.E. Mills, M.A. McNarry, G. Stratton, Stephen MellalieuStephen Mellalieu, K.A. Mackintosh

 Objectives A military-ethos intervention can enhance engagement in learning and educational attainment. However, such programmes have typically been delivered in a residential setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a twelve-month, military-ethos physical activity intervention on educational attainment, attendance and behaviour. Methods Seven primary (five intervention) and five secondary schools (four intervention) were recruited and 228 primary school (152 intervention; 9.8±0.4 yrs) and 167 secondary school pupils (97 intervention; 13.8±0.4 yrs) participated. Attainment, attendance and behaviour ratings were collected at baseline, 3-, 6- and 12-months and analysed using multilevel modelling. Results Significant intervention effects were found at 3 months for Maths, 3 and 6 months in English, 6 months for attendance and across time for both positive social and problem behaviours. Effects were independent of sex and school level. ConclusionsFindings support the utility of the Commando Joe’s intervention as a whole-school strategy to enhance educational and behavioural outcomes 


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Archives of Exercise in Health and Disease

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Mills, H.E., McNarry, M., Stratton, G., Mellalieu, S.D. and Mackintosh, K.A. (2015) 'Investigating the effectiveness on educational attainment and behaviour of Commando Joe’s: a school-based, military-ethos intervention', Archives of Exercise in Health and Disease, 5 (1-2), pp.377-384

Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Stephen Mellalieu

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Mental Health and Wellbeing in Demanding Environments

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  • © The Authors


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