Cardiff Metropolitan University
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In-Vehicle Communication Cyber Security: Challenges and Solutions

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-09-29, 12:55 authored by Rajkumar Singh Rathore, Chaminda Hewage, Omprakash Kaiwartya, Jaime Lloret

 In-vehicle communication has become an integral part of today’s driving environmentconsidering the growing add-ons of sensor-centric communication and computing devices inside avehicle for a range of purposes including vehicle monitoring, physical wiring reduction, and drivingefficiency. However, related literature on cyber security for in-vehicle communication systems is stilllacking potential dedicated solutions for in-vehicle cyber risks. Existing solutions are mainly relyingon protocol-specific security techniques and lacking an overall security framework for in-vehiclecommunication.  In this context, this paper critically explores the literature on cyber security forin-vehicle communication focusing on technical architecture, methodologies, challenges, and possiblesolutions. In-vehicle communication network architecture is presented considering key components,interfaces, and related technologies. The protocols for in-vehicle communication have been classifiedbased on their characteristics, and usage type. Security solutions for in-vehicle communication havebeen critically reviewed considering machine learning, cryptography, and port-centric techniques. Amulti-layer secure framework is also developed as a protocol and use case-independent in-vehiclecommunication solution. Finally, open challenges and future dimensions of research for in-vehiclecommunication cyber security are highlighted as observations and recommendations. 


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  • VoR (Version of Record)


Rathore, R.S., Hewage, C., Kaiwartya, O. and Lloret, J. (2022) 'In-Vehicle Communication Cyber Security: Challenges and Solutions', Sensors, 22(17), p.6679. DOI: 10.3390/s22176679

Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Technologies

Cardiff Met Authors

Rajkumar Singh Rathore Chaminda Hewage

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  • © The Authors


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