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GPT models in construction industry: Opportunities, limitations, and a use case validation

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posted on 2023-12-15, 09:56 authored by Abdullahi Saka, Ridwan Taiwo, Nurudeen SakaNurudeen Saka, Babatunde Abiodun Salami, Saheed AjayiSaheed Ajayi, Kabiru Akande, Hadi KazemiHadi Kazemi

Large Language Models (LLMs) trained on large data sets came into prominence in 2018 after Google introduced BERT. Subsequently, different LLMs such as GPT models from OpenAI have been released. These models perform well on diverse tasks and have been gaining widespread applications in fields such as business and education. However, little is known about the opportunities and challenges of using LLMs in the construction industry. Thus, this study aims to assess GPT models in the construction industry. A critical review, expert discussion and case study validation are employed to achieve the study's objectives. The findings revealed opportunities for GPT models throughout the project lifecycle. The challenges of leveraging GPT models are highlighted and a use case prototype is developed for materials selection and optimization. The findings of the study would be of benefit to researchers, practitioners and stakeholders, as it presents research vistas for LLMs in the construction industry.





  • VoR (Version of Record)


Saka, A., Taiwo, R., Saka, N., Salami, B.A., Ajayi, S., Akande, K., Kazemi, H. (2024) 'GPT models in construction industry: Opportunities, limitations, and a use case validation', Developments in the Built Environment doi:

Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Management

Cardiff Met Authors

Babatunde Salami

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Welsh Centre for Business and Management Research

Copyright Holder

  • © The Authors


  • en