Cardiff Metropolitan University
Weidenfeld Makkonen Clifton (2021) TF&SC interregional knowledge networks to systems.pdf (539.32 kB)

From interregional knowledge networks to systems

Download (539.32 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2021-10-18, 11:13 authored by Adi Weidenfeld, Teemu Makkonen, Nick CliftonNick Clifton
Whereas interregional networks of individual actors have recently received growing attention, networks in terms of collective regional groups of organisations interacting with their counterparts remain largely ignored. This is surprising given the Smart Specialisation agenda's ‘outward looking’ approach. This conceptual paper explores the rationales and dimensions underpinning interregional knowledge exchange, networks and systems including a definitional clarity, a typology of networks and the impacts of different types of proximity. The paper also introduces the concept of the interregional knowledge exchange system and sets a new agenda for studying their structure, formation and evolutionary path


Published in

Technological Forecasting and Social Change



Acceptance Date


Publication Date



  • VoR (Version of Record)


Weidenfeld, A., Makkonen, T. and Clifton, N. (2021) 'From interregional knowledge networks to systems', Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 171, p.120904.

Print ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Management

Cardiff Met Authors

Nick Clifton

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

Welsh Centre for Business and Management Research

Copyright Holder

  • © The Authors


  • en