Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Foucault, Surveillance, and Carbon Monoxide Testing Within Stop-Smoking Services

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posted on 2022-05-19, 14:42 authored by Aimee Grant, Kathryn Ashton, Rhiannon PhillipsRhiannon Phillips

 Health professionals have adopted proactive testing for early evidence of disease. Researchers have identified that this leads to enumerated understandings and shapes behavior in productive ways. Smoking-cessation advisors regularly test clients for carbon monoxide (CO), but client views of this had not previously been explored. We interviewed 23 clients of a United Kingdom-based stop-smoking service regarding their experiences of CO testing. The majority of participants were successful quitters. We used ATLAS.ti 7 as a data-management tool during structured qualitative analysis. Our findings reveal that clients believed the results of their CO tests. Many became enumerated in their understanding, and thus placed themselves in a hierarchy with other members of their group. Almost all clients found that knowing their CO test score was motivating. We conclude that additional research is needed to understand the experiences of CO testing among clients who do not quit. 


Published in

Qualitative Health Research




  • VoR (Version of Record)


Grant, A., Ashton, K. and Phillips, R. (2015) 'Foucault, surveillance, and carbon monoxide testing within stop-smoking service', Qualitative Health Research, 25(7), pp.912-922.

Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Rhiannon Phillips

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Applied Psychology and Behaviour Change
  • Public Health and Wellbeing

Copyright Holder

  • © The Authors


  • en