Cardiff Metropolitan University
Exercise Intensities of Gardening Tasks within Older Adult Allotment Gardeners in Wales-Clayton D.pdf (935.34 kB)

Exercise intensities of gardening tasks within older adult allotment gardeners in Wales

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posted on 2022-04-08, 15:26 authored by Jemma L. Hawkins,, Alexander Smith, Karianne Backx, Debbie Clayton

Previous research has suggested that gardening activity could be an effective form of regular exercise for improving physical and psychological health in later life. However, there is a lack of data regarding the exercise intensities of various gardening tasks across different types of gardening and different populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the exercise intensity of gardening activity for older adult allotment gardeners in Wales, United Kingdom following a similar procedure used in previous studies conducted in the United States and South Korea by Park and colleagues (2008a; 2011). Oxygen consumption (VO2) and energy expenditure for six gardening tasks were measured via indirect calorimetery using the portable Oxycon mobile device. From these measures, estimated metabolic equivalent units (METs) were calculated. Consistent with Park et al. (2008a; 2011) the six gardening tasks were classified as low to moderate-high intensity physical activities based on their metabolic values (1.9–5.7 METs). 


Published in

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity


Human kinetics


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Hawkins, J.L., Smith, A., Backx, K. & Clayton, D.A. (2015) 'Exercise intensities of gardening tasks within older adult allotment gardeners in Wales', Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 23, pp.161-168

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Debbie Clayton

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Public Health and Wellbeing

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  • © The Publisher


  • en

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