Cardiff Metropolitan University
Estimating the Effects of Secure Services on_Andrew Watt 1.pdf (1.48 MB)

Estimating the effects of secure services on reconviction. Part 2 – Fewer convictions than expected? Six year follow up of an England and Wales medium secure cohort

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posted on 2023-03-06, 11:59 authored by Charlotte Hill, Ruth Bagshaw, Paul Hewlett, Nick PerhamNick Perham, Jason Davies, Anthony Maden, Andrew Watt

 The effect of medium secure care on reoffending is unknown; adequate control groups cannot be identified and exposure to reconviction may be confounded by onward placement and by legal restrictions. Retrospective analysis of convictions for an England and Wales National Cohort of adults discharged from 35 medium secure services during 1997/8. Data were retrieved from the Offenders Index and from each service. Reconviction risk for 711 cases was estimated using Offending Groups Reconviction Scale-2 (OGRS-2). Reconviction (any standard list offense) served as the sole outcome during a uniform six-year follow up. Reconviction outcomes were highest following transfer to prison, reduced by further secure care whilst restriction orders were effective in reducing convictions only in those at high risk. Substantial reductions in reconvictions were observed across the full range of criminogenic risk after control of the above confounding. OGRS-2 proved a useful assay for estimating the effects of secure services on reconvictions. Analysis of more contemporary samples using the current methods and more recent versions of OGRS is warranted. 


Published in

International Journal of Forensic Mental Health


Taylor & Francis


  • VoR (Version of Record)


Hill, C., Bagshaw, R., Hewlett, P., Perham, N., Davies, J., Maden, A., & Watt, A. (2023). Estimating the Effects of Secure Services on Reconviction. Part 2–Fewer Convictions Than Expected? Six Year Follow Up of an England and Wales Medium Secure Cohort. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 1-9. DOI: 10.1080/14999013.2023.2183528

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Ruth Bagshaw, Paul Hewlett Nick Perham Andrew Wat

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Applied Psychology and Behaviour Change

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  • © The Authors


  • en

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