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Effects of early whole-body vibration treatment on knee neuromuscular function and postural control after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A randomized controlled trial

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posted on 2023-01-20, 15:55 authored by Eugenio Maria Pistone, Luca Laudani, Gianluca Camillieri, Alessandra di Cagno, Gabriele Tomassi, Andrea Macaluso, Arrigo Giombini

 Objective: To assess the effects of adding a whole-body vibration protocol at optimal frequency (WBV-OF) to a traditional rehabilitation programme (TRP) early after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, on maximal strength and balance, in comparison with a traditional rehabilitation programme.
Design: A total of 34 anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed patients with hamstring-tendon graft underwent either 4 weeks of WBV-OF training in addition to a traditional rehabilitation programme, or a traditional rehabilitation programme only, starting from the first month after surgery. Patients were assessed for maximal voluntary isometric strength during both knee extension and flexion and for balance on a force platform before, 1 month after treatment and at 3-month follow-up.
Results: Strength symmetry of the knee flexor muscles improved in WBV-OF+TRP patients more than in TRP patients 1 month after treatment (mean 66% (standard deviation (SD) 15) vs 58% SD 13), and also at the 3-month follow-up (mean 77% (SD 15) vs 64% (SD 15)), with no differences in balance improvements between the groups.
Conclusions: Adding 4-weeks of WBV-OF to a traditional rehabilitation programme 1 month after surgery is effective in improving muscle strength of the knee flexor muscles. This early intervention may be incorporated into current rehabilitation to facilitate early strength recovery of anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed patients. 

History

Published in

Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

Publisher

Foundation for Rehabilitation Information

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Citation

Pistone EM, Laudani L, Camillieri G, Di Cagno A, Tomassi G, Macaluso A, Giombini A. Effects of early whole-body vibration treatment on knee neuromuscular function and postural control after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2016 Nov 11;48(10):880-886. doi: 10.2340/16501977-2150.

Print ISSN

1650-1977

Electronic ISSN

1651-2081

Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Luca Laudani

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Applied Injury Science

Copyright Holder

© The Authors

Language

en