Cardiff Metropolitan University
Williams, T., Evans, L. et al. TSP_ACCEPTED_Manuscript (1).pdf (328.8 kB)

Distinguishing characteristics between high and low adherence patients following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A qualitative examination

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-01-07, 11:50 authored by Tom Williams, Lynne Evans, Angus Robertson, Lew Hardy, Stuart Roy, Daniel Lewis
The purpose of this study was to identify factors that distinguished between injured athletes who displayed high compared to low levels of rehabilitation adherence following anterior cruciate ligament reconstructive (ACL) surgery. In order to gain an in-depth understanding of these factors, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with six high adherers, six matched low adherers and for each injured athlete, a significant other. Thematic analysis was used to identify the themes that distinguished between high and low adherers. Three themes were generated based on the findings: (1) preparation for post-operative rehabilitation; (2) an active versus passive approach to rehabilitation; and (3) the threat of a poor outcome. Each theme comprised a number of sub-themes that further elucidated the participants’ rehabilitation experiences and adherence behaviors. The findings have important implications for medical professionals, sport psychology consultants, coaches and athletes with a vested interest in expediting recovery following ACL reconstructive surgery.


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The Sport Psychologist


Human Kinetics

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  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Williams, T., Evans, L., Robertson, A., Hardy, L., Roy, S. and Lewis, D. (2021) 'Distinguishing Characteristics Between High and Low Adherence Patients Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Qualitative Examination', The Sport Psychologist, pp.1-12. DOI: 10.1123/tsp.2020-0035

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Lynne Evans

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Applied Injury Science

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  • © The Publisher


  • en