Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Development of a positive psychology well-being intervention in a community pharmacy setting

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posted on 2023-01-17, 12:28 authored by Jennifer WardJennifer Ward, Alison Sparkes, Marie Ricketts, Paul Hewlett, Amie-Louise Prior, Britt HallingbergBritt Hallingberg, Delyth JamesDelyth James

 Community pharmacies are well‐placed to deliver well‐being interventions;
however, to date, nothing has been produced specifically for this setting. The aim of this study was to develop a positive psychology intervention suitable for a community pharmacy setting with the goal of increasing the well‐being of community members. Methods: Intervention development consisted of three steps: Step 1—identify the evidence-base and well-being model to underpin the basis of the intervention (Version 1); Step 2—model the intervention and gather user feedback to produce Version 2, and Step 3—revisit the evidence-base and refine the intervention to produce Version 3. Results: Findings from nine studies (seven RCTs, one cross-sectional, one N-1 design plus user feedback were applied to model a 6-week ‘Prescribing Happiness (P-Hap)’ intervention, underpinned by the PERMA model plus four other components from the positive psychology literature (Three Good Things, Utilising Your Signature Strengths in New Ways, Best Possible Selves and Character Strengths). A PERMA-based diary was designed to be completed 3 days a week as part of the intervention. Conclusions: This work is an important development which will direct the future implementation of interventions to support well-being in this novel setting. The next stage is to gain the perspectives of external stakeholders on the feasibility of delivering the P-Hap for its adoption into community pharmacy services in the future. 


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  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Ward, Jennifer Louise, Alison Sparkes, Marie Ricketts, Paul Hewlett, Amie-Louise Prior, Britt Hallingberg, and Delyth Higman James. (2023) "Development of a Positive Psychology Well-Being Intervention in a Community Pharmacy Setting" Pharmacy 11, no. 1: 14.

Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Jennifer Ward Paul Hewlett Amie-Louise Prior Britt Hallingberg Delyth James

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Applied Psychology and Behaviour Change
  • Public Health and Wellbeing

Copyright Holder

  • © The Authors


  • en

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