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Characterisation of adipocyte derived extracellular vesicles released pre and post adipogenesis.pdf (3.4 MB)

Characterisation of adipocyte-derived extracellular vesicles released pre- and post-adipogenesis

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posted on 2022-03-28, 11:50 authored by Katherine D. Connolly, Irina A. Guschina, Vincent Yeung, Aled Clayton, Mohd Shazli Draman, Christopher von RuhlandChristopher von Ruhland, Marian LudgateMarian Ludgate, Philip James, D Aled Rees
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are submicron vesicles released from many cell types, including adipocytes. EVs are implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity-driven cardiovascular disease, although the characteristics of adipocyte-derived EVs are not well described. We sought to define the characteristics of adipocyte-derived EVs before and after adipogenesis, hypothesising that adipogenesis would affect EV structure, molecular composition and function. Using 3T3-L1 cells, EVs were harvested at day 0 and day 15 of differentiation. EV and cell preparations were visualised by electron microscopy and EVs quantified by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). EVs were then assessed for annexin V positivity using flow cytometry; lipid and phospholipid composition using 2D thin layer chromatography and gas chromatography; and vesicular protein content by an immuno-phenotyping assay. Pre-adipogenic cells are connected via a network of protrusions and EVs at both time points display classic EV morphology. EV concentration is elevated prior to adipogenesis, particularly in exosomes and small microvesicles. Parent cells contain higher proportions of phosphatidylserine (PS) and show higher annexin V binding. Both cells and EVs contain an increased proportion of arachidonic acid at day 0. PREF-1 was increased at day 0 whilst adiponectin was higher at day 15 indicating EV protein content reflects the stage of adipogenesis of the cell. Our data suggest that EV production is higher in cells before adipogenesis, particularly in vesicles <300 nm. Cells at this time point possess a greater proportion of PS (required for EV generation) whilst corresponding EVs are enriched in signalling fatty acids, such as arachidonic acid, and markers of adipogenesis, such as PREF-1 and PPARγ.


Published in

Journal of Extracellular Vesicles


Taylor & Francis


  • VoR (Version of Record)


Connolly, K.D., Guschina, I.A., Yeung, V., Clayton, A., Draman, M.S., Von Ruhland, C., Ludgate, M., James, P.E. and Rees, D.A.(2015) 'Characterisation of adipocyte-derived extracellular vesicles released pre-and post-adipogenesis', Journal of Extracellular Vesicles, 4

Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Philip James

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Cardiovascular Metabolism and Inflammation

Copyright Holder

  • © The Authors


  • en

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