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Boundaries of Semantic Distraction: Dominance and Lexicality Act at Retrieval

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journal contribution
posted on 05.04.2022, 16:02 authored by John E. Marsh, Nick PerhamNick Perham, Patrik Sörqvist, Dylan M Jones
Three experiments investigated memory for semantic information with the goal of determining boundary conditions for the manifestation of semantic auditory distraction. Irrelevant speech disrupted the free recall of semantic category- exemplars to an equal degree regardless of whether the speech coincided with presentation or test phases of the task (Experiment 1), and this occurred regardless of whether it comprised random words or coherent sentences (Experiment 2). The effects of background speech were greater when the irrelevant speech was semantically related to the to-be-remembered material, but only when the irrelevant words were high in output dominance (Experiment 3). The implications of these findings in relation to the processing of task material and the processing of background speech are discussed

History

Published in

Memory & Cognition

Publisher

Springer

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Citation

Marsh, J.E., Perham, N., Sörqvist, P. and Jones, D.M., (2014) 'Boundaries of semantic distraction: dominance and lexicality act at retrieval', Memory & Cognition, 42(8), pp.1285-1301

Print ISSN

0090-502X

Cardiff Met Affiliation

Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Nick Perham

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Applied Psychology and Behaviour Change

Copyright Holder

© The Publisher

Language

en