Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Blood pressure variability in clinical practice: Past, present and the future

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-09, 13:57 authored by Abu Baker Sheikh, Paul A. Sobotka, Ishan Garg, Jessilyn P. Dunn, Abdul Mannan Khan Minhas, Md Mobashir Hasan Shandhi, Jeroen Molinger

Recent advances in wearable technology through convenient and cuffless systems will enable continuous, noninvasive monitoring of blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and heart rhythm on both longitudinal 24‐hour measurement scales and high‐frequency beat‐to‐beat BP variability and synchronous heart rate variability and changes in underlying heart rhythm. Clinically, BP variability is classified into 4 main types on the basis of the duration of monitoring time: very‐short‐term (beat to beat), short‐term (within 24 hours), medium‐term (within days), and long‐term (over months and years). BP variability is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, cognitive decline, and mental illness. The diagnostic and therapeutic value of measuring and controlling BP variability may offer critical targets in addition to lowering mean BP in hypertensive populations. 


Published in

Journal of the American Heart Association


American Heart Association


  • VoR (Version of Record)


Sheikh, A.B., Sobotka, P.A., Garg, I., Dunn, J.P., Minhas, A.M.K., Shandhi, M.M.H., Molinger, J., McDonnell, B.J. and Fudim, M. (2023) 'Blood Pressure Variability in Clinical Practice: Past, Present and the Future', Journal of the American Heart Association, p.e029297.

Electronic ISSN


Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Barry McDonnell

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Cardiovascular Physiology

Copyright Holder

  • © The Authors


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