Cardiff Metropolitan University
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Biomechanical responses to landing strategies of female artistic gymnasts

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-03-14, 16:59 authored by Rebecca Straker, Timothy A. Exell, Roman Farana, Joseph Hamill, Gareth Irwin
Inconsistencies between sexes in the landing criteria provided by the international gymnastics governing body (FIG) may predispose female gymnasts to lower extremity injury. This study aimed to investigate lower extremity biomechanics when performing the male and female landing strategy. Seven collegiate, female gymnasts (age: 20.5 ± 1.2 years, height: 1.64 ± 0.06 m, mass: 60.4 ± 10.2 kg) performed drop landings using the prescribed women’s and men’s landing strategy. Kinematic and kinetic data from 10 trials of each landing strategy were collected. Differences between landing strategy at individual and group level for key injury risk variables of the lower limb were explored. Group differences (p ≤ .05) were reported in the sagittal range of motion (ROM) at the knees and hips, with the men’s landing strategy eliciting a larger ROM decelerating the body upon impact. Large inter and intra-individual variation was apparent with different movement responses shown across individuals and demonstrating degeneracy as gymnasts satisfied the overall landing objective. These results indicate an individually favoured landing strategy to fulfil the informational constraints and hence supporting the use of a single-subject design. The current study emphasises the potential injury risk associated with the different informational constraints placed on females’ landing strategy by the FIG, whilst recognising the individual gymnasts’ task response.


Published in

European Journal of Sport Science


Taylor & Francis


  • VoR (Version of Record)


Rebecca Straker, Timothy A. Exell, Roman Farana, Joseph Hamill & Gareth Irwin (2021) Biomechanical responses to landing strategies of female artistic gymnasts, European Journal of Sport Science, DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2021.1976842

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Rebecca Straker Gareth Irwin

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • High Performance

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  • © The Authors


  • en

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