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An appropriate tool for entrepreneurial learning in SMEs? The case of the 20Twenty Leadership Programme

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-03-01, 13:17 authored by Nick CliftonNick Clifton, Robert Huggins, Brian Morgan, Piers Thompson
The 20Twenty Leadership Programme was developed by Cardiff Metropolitan University as an executive education programme to be delivered within South Wales to small businesses. It is funded by the European Social Fund (ESF) and administered by the Welsh European Funding Office and has the key aim of developing SME’s growth potential via a range of leadership and management skills, including a focus on ‘soft’ skills. The focus of this paper is to place the 20Twenty Leadership Programme within the wider context of entrepreneurship policy and SME training initiatives in particular, and then to examine the rationale and delivery methods of the Programme in relation to these. It also reflects on the Programme’s success (or otherwise) to date where possible. Finally, the paper seeks to suggest fruitful areas of further research both in terms of the 20Twenty Leadership Programme itself, but also with regard to evaluation in relation to other parallel programmes, and to SME training initiatives more generally.


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Local Economy




AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Clifton, N. Huggins, R. Morgan, B. and Thompson, P. (2015) ‘An appropriate tool for entrepreneurial learning in SMEs? The case of the ‘20Twenty Leadership Programme’’, Local Economy, 30 (5), pp. 534- 556

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Management

Cardiff Met Authors

Nick Clifton

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Welsh Centre for Business and Management Research

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© The Publisher



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