Cardiff Metropolitan University
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A longitudinal examination of stress and mental ill/well-being in elite football coaches

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-07-12, 13:16 authored by Lee Baldock, Brendan Cropley, Stephen MellalieuStephen Mellalieu, Rich Neil

 A novel concurrent, independent mixed-methods research design was adopted to explore elite association football coaches’ stress and mental ill-/well-being experiences over the course of an entire season. Elite coaches (N = 18) completed measures of perceived stressor severity, coping effectiveness, and mental ill-/well-being, with a sample (n = 8) also participating in semistructured interviews, across four time points. Linear mixed-model and retroductive analyses revealed (a) lower mental well-being at the beginning of the season due to negative appraisals/responses to stressors and ineffective coping attempts, (b) higher emotional exhaustion and depersonalization at the end of the season, (c) stressors high in severity led to decreased mental well-being (unless coaches coped effectively) and increased symptoms associated with burnout, and (d) ineffective coping attempts led to increased emotional exhaustion. These findings offer novel insight into the specific components of elite football coaches’ stress experiences influencing their mental ill-/well-being over time. 


Published in

The Sport Psychologist


Human Kinetics


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Baldock, L., Cropley, B., Mellalieu, S. D., & Neil, R. (2022) 'A Longitudinal Examination of Stress and Mental Ill-/Well-Being in Elite Football Coaches', The Sport Psychologist, 1(aop), 1-12. DOI: 10.1123/tsp.2021-0184

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Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences

Cardiff Met Authors

Stephen Mellalieu Rich Neil

Cardiff Met Research Centre/Group

  • Mental Health and Wellbeing in Demanding Environments

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  • © The Publisher


  • en

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