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What makes for effective visualisation in Cyber Situational Awareness for Non-Expert Users?

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conference contribution
posted on 2022-04-04, 10:50 authored by Fiona CarrollFiona Carroll, Adam Chakof, Phil Legg
As cyber threats continue to become more prevalent, there is a need to consider how best we can understand the cyber landscape when acting online, especially so for non-expert users. Satellite navigation systems provide the de facto standard for many modern day navigation tasks in the physical domain, so we consider the question of how one could navigate the online domain using similar concepts. In this paper, we study the design of a cyber sat nav for improving situational awareness of nonexpert users. We focus on three core tasks: understanding where we are in cyber space, understanding how we got there, and understanding future states that we may traverse to. To support understanding, we explore the use of visualisation techniques to portray complex online activities in clear and engaging formats for non-expert users.


Presented at

2019 International Conference on Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics And Assessment (Cyber SA)

Published in

International Conference on Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics and Assessment (CyberSA)




  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)


Carroll, F. , Chakof, A. and Legg, P. (2019) What makes for effective visualisation in cyber situational awareness for non-expert users? In: IEEE Int. Conf. on Cyber Situational Awareness, Data Analytics and Assessment (CyberSA), Oxford, England, 3-4 June 2019.



Cardiff Met Affiliation

  • Cardiff School of Technologies

Cardiff Met Authors

Fiona Carroll

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  • © The Publisher

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