Operationalising supply chain resiliency in the context of the Welsh marine renewable energy sector based on a systematic literature review
According to recent data published by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), the cumulative installed capacity of the renewable energy sources remained almost the same between Q1 of 2010 and 2022 in the UK (BEIS 2022). This is with the exception of offshore wind, solar photovoltaics and plant biomass. Evidence suggests that although numerous projects are being implemented in the UK to harness marine renewable energy (MRE), they are often subjected to various challenges resulting in a small fraction of the energy being captured compared to its capacity. In particular, the supply chain (SC) of relatively new and technologically advanced products, such as marine renewable energy technologies, is deemed to be more complex and vulnerable to challenges, risks and disruptions. Several factors could contribute to increasing the probability of exposure to risks and their associated impacts on the supply chain, including the quality of the processes designed throughout the supply chain life-cycle stages and disruptive natural or manmade events.