A Strategy of Measuring Carbon Footprint in Supply Chain
Climate change is recognised as one of the most severe global challenges. While traditionally supply chains focus on cost, quality and agility to achieve commercial competitive advantage, the requirement for decarbonisation and sustainability become increasingly more important. Carbon footprint is defined as "a measure of the exclusive total amount of carbon dioxide emissions that is directly and indirectly caused by an activity or is accumulated over the life stages of a product" (Wiedmann, 2009 p.175). As generally recognised that only the measurable get managed, a standardised method to measure and report the carbon emission profile become a priority (Pandey, Agrawal, and Pandey, 2011; Rebitzer et al., 2004). Nevertheless, the approaches to measuring carbon emission alongside supply chains are still underexplored, despite the basic steps guided by PAS2050 and ISO14067 based on product life cycle (LCA). Knowledge insufficiency and high cost hinder companies to practise carbon footprinting measurement.